As early as 1999, China had already banned the widespread use of disposable plastic tableware, but white pollution was banned. It was seen that China has become a global production base for white foam substitutes—green paper products. However, ironically, it is produced from More than 95% of the products of this base are exported to Europe and the United States and other developed countries and regions, and it is only rare that they can flow into the domestic market. Under the pressure of the financial crisis, as one of China's strategic emerging industries, a new type of material environmental protection industry, domestic paper packaging products companies (including many listed companies) huge production capacity urgently need to turn to the domestic market.
Status 1: Green tableware needs to be charged
The people in the industry who produce paper cutlery have a living habit: never use fast-food noodles and polyethylene plastic cutlery because they know that more than 99% of fast-food box-shaped cardboard cutlery packaging products must be surface coated Processes can be equipped with waterproof and oil-repellent functions, commonly known as "waxing."
In 1999, China’s then Economic and Trade Commission issued an official document prohibiting white pollution, commonly known as Order No. 6. In 2001, the corresponding government department issued another document No. 6 to re-emphasize the ban on white pollution. The main content of this official document and related government governance at all levels of white pollution is: It is forbidden to use disposable hard-degradable plastic products. Our reporter saw the No. 6 decree wrote: The catalogue is out of backward production capacity, technology and products that violate national laws and regulations, backward production methods, poor product quality, severe environmental pollution, and high raw material and energy consumption. The "disposable foam plastic tableware" is among the list of backward products, and the deadline for the elimination is 2000 years. The order requires local governments to supervise the implementation of local industrial and commercial enterprises. For enterprises that refuse to implement the elimination list, the administrative department for industry and commerce shall revoke the business license according to law.
However, various disposable plastic packages and plastic tableware are still in use.
In major restaurants, restaurants and shopping malls in Guangzhou, many places have used white foam utensils to pack food, and some high-end restaurants have used eco-friendly paper lunch boxes to pack leftovers for guests, but some have to collect one yuan. Lunch box money.
Status 2: Labor costs doubled Export pressure
Industry sources said that a few years ago they had invested in a green paper packaging project. Although the product was good, it was still no match for the cheaper white foam product. The bankruptcy of the project took less than three years, and the company was forced to sell the factory to pay off the debt or change jobs.
There are now more than 100 manufacturers of paper cutlery, but 99% of the market is in Europe and the United States. The U.S. government’s enforcement of the “banned” order is fearful. The initial warning, double heavy penalties, and the revocation of business licenses by operators three times prompted the market for such products to expand year by year. In the United States, most of the time, Cutlery is a paper product. If a manufacturer supplies polyethylene plastic cutlery, it must be responsible for 100% recycling.
However, at present, the sales of paper cutlery only account for 2% of the disposable tableware market. The basic reason why China's environmental protection paper cutlery lost to the white foam lunch box in the disposable tableware market is the price. A white foam lunch box is only 0.1 yuan, while a paper lunch box price is 0.25 yuan, and the latter is 2.5 times the former. .
In addition, the export pressure of paper cutleries has increased and companies are looking for domestic sales. Since the exchange rate reform in 2005, the RMB has appreciated about 31% against the U.S. dollar. The labor cost has almost doubled and continues to rise. The major production materials have been greatly affected by the international market, and the high price shocks have caused the hundreds of Chinese companies to shake up. The lack of active hematopoietic capabilities in the development of manufacturers has clearly underestimated the competitiveness of the international market.
I : Enterprises to change the production line for a breakthrough
Industry insiders are convinced that the potential of China's paper product tableware market is very large. Sooner or later, environmental protection paper packaging will gradually shift from the external demand market to the domestic demand market. "Our company's 'Twelfth Five-Year' plan is to achieve a complete transformation of equipment, labor and product structure. By then, the employment of our new production workshop will only account for 26% of the total current production and labor, and gradually realize the vision of enterprise transformation and upgrading. "The staff of Guangdong Shenzhen Hengchuang Display Products Co., Ltd. said to this reporter. Hengchuang's product structure transformation refers to keeping pace with market demand and continuously creating new products, such as the iPhone5 mobile phone packaging box. The same materials are used, and the selling price is three times that of the tray. While the demand for paper cutlery abroad has increased, the company is expected to grow by 20% year-on-year this year, and it is expected to sell more than 200 million yuan next year, an increase of more than 40% year-on-year.
Please wait for the Second Countermeasure later.